Monday, April 4, 2011


Arnold, M, (1920, 1956) Culture and Anarchy: London Albemarle Street, John Murray

Baudrillard, J. (1981). Simulacra and simulation: Editions Galilee

Benjamin, W (1936). The Work of Art in the Age of Its Technological Reproducibility, and Other Writings on Media: Harvard University Press

Bernard, S. Smith, T. Heathcote, C. (2001) Australian Painting 1788-2000: Oxford University Press, Melbourne, chapter 17. (concludes with a long discussion of graffiti's key place within contemporary visual culture). See also Christopher Heathcote, (2000) Discovering Graffiti, Art Monthly Australia (Canberra), pp. 4–8.

Bignell, J (2000) Postmodern Media Culture: Edinburgh University Press

Debord, G (1992). The society of the spectacle: Rebel Press, London; New edition

Ford, S (2005). The Situationists International: A User’s Guide: Black Dog Publishing Ltd

Foster, H (1998). The Anti- Aesthetic – essays on postmodern culture: The new press, New York

Hebdige, D (1979): Subculture – the meaning of style: Methuen, London and New York

Horrocks, C and Jevtic, Z (1999) Introducing Baudrillard: Icon Books, Cambridge

Levin, K (1988): Beyond modernism: essays on art from the ‘70s and ‘80s: New York Harper and Row

Macdonald, N (2001). The graffiti subculture: youth, masculinity, and identity in London and New York: Palgrave Macmillan

Middleton, A. (2011). BA Illustration: Contemporary illustration unit - Baudrillard and Guy Debord: Arts University College at Bournemouth. {2011}

Pynchon, T (1984). Slow Learner: Little, Brown p.20

Shapiro, David/ Cecile (1978) Abstract Expressionism - The politics of apolitical painting: Cambridge University Press, p 189-190. Cited In: Francis, F (2000) Pollock and After - The critical debate: 2nd edition, London, Routledge

Snyder, G, J (2009). Graffiti lives - beyond the tag in New York's urban underground: New York University Press

Strinati, D (2004) An Introduction to theories of popular culture: second edition, Routledge, New York

Tejera, V (1966). Art and Human Intelligence: Vision Press Limited, London

Walker, J, A (1999) Art and Outrage: Provocation, Controversy and the visual arts: Pluto press, London

Woods, T (1999). Beginning Postmodernism: Manchester University press

Zurbrugg, N (1992). The parameters of Postmodernism: Routledge, London


Debord, G, WOLMAN, G (1956) A users guide to D├ętournement. [online] available from: - translated by Ken Knabb, 2006

Debord, G (1991) Comments on the Society of the Spectacle: Tribune [online] available from:

Lindall, T (2006). as cited in Ciuraru, C (2006) writing on the wall: time out, New York kids [online] available from:

Online Science encyclopaedia. (2010) Dada Critical Revaluation. [online] available from:">Dada - Critical Revaluation

Dr. Marshall Soules (2007) Hyperreallity: Malaspina University-College [online] available from:

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